Document Detail

A food service intervention improves whole grain access at lunch in rural elementary schools.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24443783     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Whole grain (WG) options are often limited in schools, which may impact rural, low-income students who rely on school meals for a substantial portion of their food intake. This study examined the changes in the availability and quantity of WG and refined grain foods offered in schools participating in the Creating Healthy, Active and Nurturing Growing-up Environments (CHANGE) study, a randomized, controlled intervention among rural communities (4 intervention and 4 control).
METHODS: Foods were assessed using production records, recipes, and nutrition labels from breakfast and lunch over 1 week during fall 2008 and spring 2009. Key informant interviews were conducted with school food service directors in the spring 2009.
RESULTS: The CHANGE intervention schools significantly increased the average percent of school days WGs were offered (p = .047) and the amount of WGs offered/food item (ounces) at lunch compared with control schools (p = .02). There was a significant decrease in the percent of students with access to refined grains at lunch compared with control schools (p = .049), although there were no significant differences in WG availability during breakfast.
CONCLUSIONS: The CHANGE schools improved WG availability, enabling student's WG consumption to be closer to national recommendations.
Juliana F W Cohen; Eric B Rimm; S Bryn Austin; Raymond R Hyatt; Vivica I Kraak; Christina D Economos
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of school health     Volume:  84     ISSN:  1746-1561     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sch Health     Publication Date:  2014 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-01-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376370     Medline TA:  J Sch Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  212-9     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Copyright Information:
© 2014, American School Health Association.
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