Document Detail


The focusing effect of self-evaluation threat in coaction and social comparison.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17645395     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This article contends that the presence of a coactor leads to a focusing effect whenever this presence represents a threat or a potential threat to self-evaluation. Experiment 1 showed that attentional focusing appears in the presence of an actual (in the case of upward comparison) or potential (in the case of mere coaction) threat to self-evaluation but not in its absence (in the case of downward comparison). Experiments 2 and 3 confirmed that the presence of a coactor affects focusing because the coactor represents a potential threat and showed that introducing a threat in downward comparison can produce a focusing effect. Experiment 4 showed that removing the threat in upward comparison decreases the focusing effect. Experiment 5 confirmed that the effects observed in upward comparison are due to attentional focusing and not to an increase in effort. Contributions to social facilitation, social comparison, and attention research are discussed.
Authors:
Dominique Muller; Fabrizio Butera
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of personality and social psychology     Volume:  93     ISSN:  0022-3514     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pers Soc Psychol     Publication Date:  2007 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-07-24     Completed Date:  2007-10-01     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0014171     Medline TA:  J Pers Soc Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  194-211     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Universite Pierre Mendes France at Grenoble, Grenoble, France. dominique.muller@upmfgrenoble-grenoble.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Competitive Behavior*
Female
Humans
Male
Pilot Projects
Reaction Time
Self Concept*
Social Desirability*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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