Document Detail

The fluttering-heart illusion: a new hypothesis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12854649     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The fluttering-heart illusion is a perceived lagging behind of a colour target on a background of a different colour when the two are oscillated together. It has been proposed that the illusion is caused by a differential in the perceptual latencies of different colours (Helmholtz 1867/1962), a differential in rod-cone latencies (von Kries 1896) and rod-cone interactions (von Grünau 1975, 1976 Vision Research 15 431-436, 437-440; 16 397-401; see list of references there). The purpose of this experiment was to assess the hypothesis that the fluttering-heart illusion is caused by a differential in the perceived velocities of chromatic and achromatic motion. To evaluate this hypothesis, we tested observers possessing normal colour vision and deuteranopes. The perceived delay of a chromatic target relative to an achromatic target was measured as a function of background cone contrast and target colour. For observers with normal colour vision, the perceived delay of the chromatic target is greater in the L-S than the L-M testing conditions. The reverse is observed in deuteranope observers. We suggest that this is caused by the absence of an L-M opponent mechanism contributing to chromatic motion in deuteranopes. Greater background cone contrasts tended to yield smaller perceived delays in both normal and deuteranope observers, indicating that greater chromatic modulation decreases the perceived delay of the colour target. These results support the hypothesis that the fluttering-heart illusion can be explained by a differential in the perceived velocities of chromatic and achromatic motion.
David Nguyen-Tri; Jocelyn Faubert
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Perception     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0301-0066     ISO Abbreviation:  Perception     Publication Date:  2003  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-07-11     Completed Date:  2003-10-06     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372307     Medline TA:  Perception     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  627-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Psychophysics and Perception Laboratory, Ecole d'Optométrie, Université de Montreal, 3744 Jean Brillant, Montreal, Québec H3T 1P1, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Color Perception / physiology*
Contrast Sensitivity / physiology
Motion Perception / physiology
Retinal Cone Photoreceptor Cells / physiology
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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