Document Detail

The first anniversary: stress, well-being, and optimism in older widows.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20008309     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The first anniversary for older widows (n = 47) has been explored during Months 11, 12, and 13. Concurrent correlations show that optimism inversely correlates with psychological (intrusion and avoidance) stress as measured with the Impact of Event Scale (r = -.52 to -.66, p < .005) and positively correlates with well-being (physical: r = .36 to .46, p < .025; psychosocial: r = .58 to .72, p < .005; spiritual: r = .50 to .69, p < .005). Lagged correlation patterns suggest that higher levels of optimism at a given time are associated with higher life satisfaction and spiritual well-being at later times. Psychological stress is higher at Month 12 when compared to Month 13, t(43) = 2.54, p = .01, but not when compared to Month 11, t(43) = 1.49, p > .10. There are no significant differences in physiologic stress (salivary cortisol) or well-being during the first anniversary of spousal bereavement.
Mary E Minton; Melody Hertzog; Cecilia R Barron; Jeffrey A French; Roni Reiter-Palmon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Western journal of nursing research     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1552-8456     ISO Abbreviation:  West J Nurs Res     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-17     Completed Date:  2010-02-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7905435     Medline TA:  West J Nurs Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1035-56     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
South Dakota State University, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Personal Satisfaction
Stress, Psychological*
Widowhood / psychology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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