Document Detail


A field trial of production and financial consequences of helminthosis control in sheep production in Ethiopia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18243378     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We used a partial-budget analysis to evaluate profitability of different management strategies of three genotypes of sheep in a 2 x 2 x 3 factorial experiment conducted at Debre Berhan research station in the central highlands of Ethiopia. This involved two anthelmintic-treatment levels (treated vs. non-treated), two supplementary nutrition levels (protein-energy supplementation yes/no) and three genotypes: indigenous Menz (n=40), 50% Awassi x 50% Menz crosses (n=38) and 75% Awassi x 25% Menz crosses (n=31). All sheep were exposed to natural sub-clinical helminthosis challenge. Supplemented sheep were offered a concentrate mix daily on an individual basis. Anthelmintic-treated sheep were drenched with fenbendazole against nematodes and with triclabendazole against trematodes. Data were collected during the experimental period (for 10 months from approximately 1 year of age) on feed intake, live weight, eggs per gram (EPG) of faeces, packed-cell volume (PCV), wool weight, and adult-worm burden. Actual market input and output prices were recorded. Supplemented sheep had significantly higher marginal profit (MP) per sheep than non-supplemented sheep (ETB 33 vs. 4). Likewise, anthelmintic treated sheep performed significantly better than their non-treated contemporaries (MP=ETB 28 vs. 8). The 75% Awassi crosses were least profitable.
Authors:
M Tibbo; K Aragaw; J Philipsson; B Malmfors; A Näsholm; W Ayalew; J E O Rege
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Preventive veterinary medicine     Volume:  84     ISSN:  0167-5877     ISO Abbreviation:  Prev. Vet. Med.     Publication Date:  2008 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-25     Completed Date:  2008-06-03     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8217463     Medline TA:  Prev Vet Med     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  152-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Animal Genetic Resources, PO Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. m.tibbo@cgiar.org
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Agriculture / economics
Animal Feed
Animal Husbandry / economics
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Animals
Anthelmintics / pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Benzimidazoles / pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Budgets
Ethiopia
Feces / parasitology
Fenbendazole / pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Genotype
Helminthiasis, Animal / economics*,  genetics,  prevention & control*
Parasite Egg Count / veterinary
Sheep
Sheep Diseases / economics*,  genetics,  prevention & control*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anthelmintics; 0/Benzimidazoles; 43210-67-9/Fenbendazole; 68786-66-3/triclabendazole

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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