Document Detail


A fermentor system for regulating oxygen at low concentrations in cultures of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9501444     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The growth of yeast cells to high densities at low, but constant, oxygen concentrations is difficult because the cells themselves respire oxygen; hence, as cell mass increases, so does oxygen consumption. To circumvent this problem, we have designed a system consisting of a computer-controlled gas flow train that adjusts oxygen concentration in the gas flow to match cellular demand. It does this by using a proportional-integral-differential algorithm in conjunction with a three-way valve to mix two gases, adjusting their proportions to maintain the desired oxygen concentration. By modeling yeast cell yields at intermediate to low oxygen concentrations, we have found that cellular respiration declines with oxygen concentration, most likely because of a decrease in the expression of genes for respiratory proteins. These lowered rates of oxygen consumption, together with the gas flow system described here, allow the growth of yeast cells to high densities at low oxygen concentrations. This system can also be used to grow cells at any desired oxygen concentration and for regulated shifts between oxygen concentrations.
Authors:
P V Burke; K E Kwast; F Everts; R O Poyton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied and environmental microbiology     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0099-2240     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl. Environ. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  1998 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-03-26     Completed Date:  1998-03-26     Revised Date:  2013-04-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7605801     Medline TA:  Appl Environ Microbiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1040-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder 80309-0347, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Computers
Fermentation*
Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal
Oxygen / analysis*
Oxygen Consumption
Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
GM 30228/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7782-44-7/Oxygen
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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