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The feasibility of imaging myocardial ischemic/reperfusion injury using (99m)Tc-labeled duramycin in a porcine model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25451214     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
METHODS: The clearance and distribution of intravenously injected (99m)Tc-duramycin were characterized in sham-operated animals (n=5). In a closed chest model of myocardial ischemia, coronary occlusion was induced by balloon angioplasty (n=9). (99m)Tc-duramycin (10-15mCi) was injected intravenously at 1hour after reperfusion. SPECT/CT was acquired at 1 and 3hours after injection. Cardiac tissues were analyzed for changes associated with acute cellular injuries. Autoradiography and gamma counting were used to determine radioactivity uptake. For the remaining animals, (99m)Tc-tetrafosamin scan was performed on the second day to identify the infarct site.
RESULTS: Intravenously injected (99m)Tc-duramycin cleared from circulation predominantly via the renal/urinary tract with an α-phase half-life of 3.6±0.3minutes and β-phase half-life of 179.9±64.7minutes. In control animals, the ratios between normal heart and lung were 1.76±0.21, 1.66±0.22, 1.50±0.20 and 1.75±0.31 at 0.5, 1, 2 and 3hours post-injection, respectively. The ratios between normal heart and liver were 0.88±0.13, 0.80±0.13, 0.82±0.19 and 0.88±0.14. In vivo visualization of focal radioactivity uptake in the ischemic heart was attainable as early as 30min post-injection. The in vivo ischemic-to-normal uptake ratios were 3.57±0.74 and 3.69±0.91 at 1 and 3hours post-injection, respectively. Ischemic-to-lung ratios were 4.89±0.85 and 4.93±0.57; and ischemic-to-liver ratios were 2.05±0.30 to 3.23±0.78. The size of (99m)Tc-duramycin positive myocardium was qualitatively larger than the infarct size delineated by the perfusion defect in (99m)Tc-tetrafosmin uptake. This was consistent with findings from tissue analysis and autoradiography.
CONCLUSION: (99m)Tc-duramycin was demonstrated, in a large animal model, to have suitable clearance and biodistribution profiles for imaging. The agent has an avid target uptake and a fast background clearance. It is appropriate for imaging myocardial injury induced by ischemia/reperfusion.
Authors:
Lei Wang; Feng Wang; Wei Fang; Steven E Johnson; Said Audi; Michael Zimmer; Thomas A Holly; Daniel C Lee; Bao Zhu; Haibo Zhu; Ming Zhao
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-9-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nuclear medicine and biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-9614     ISO Abbreviation:  Nucl. Med. Biol.     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-3    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9304420     Medline TA:  Nucl Med Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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