Document Detail


The fate of heterotopically grafted neural precursor cells in the normal and dystrophic adult mouse retina.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11726638     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To study the integration and differentiation of heterotopically transplanted neural precursor cells in the retina of adult mouse mutants displaying apoptotic degeneration of photoreceptor cells. METHODS: Neural precursor cells were isolated from the spinal cord of transgenic mouse embryos ubiquitously expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein. Cells were expanded in vitro and transplanted into the retina of adult wild-type and age-matched beta2/beta1 knock-in mice. Beta2/beta1 knock-in mutants display apoptotic death of photoreceptor cells and were generated by placing the cDNA of the beta1 subunit into the gene of the beta2 subunit of Na,K-ATPase. The integration and differentiation of grafted cells in recipient retinas was studied 1 or 6 months after transplantation. RESULTS: Mutant retinas contained more donor-derived cells than wild-type hosts. Moreover, in mutants, donor cells integrated into deeper retinal layers. In both genotypes, grafted cells differentiated into astrocytes and oligodendrocytes. Only a few ganglion cell axons were myelinated by donor-derived oligodendrocytes 1 month after transplantation, whereas extensive myelination of the nerve fiber layer was observed 6 months after transplantation. Unequivocal evidence for differentiation of grafted cells into neurons was not obtained. CONCLUSIONS: Heterotopically transplanted neural precursor cells are capable of integrating, surviving, and differentiating into neural cell types in normal and dystrophic retinas of adult mice. The particular environment of a pathologically altered retina facilitates integration of transplanted precursor cells. In principle, neural precursors may thus be useful to substitute for or replace dysfunctional or degenerated cell types. Results of the present study also indicate that replacement of retinal cell types is likely to require more appropriate donor cells, such as retinal precursor cells.
Authors:
S Pressmar; M Ader; G Richard; M Schachner; U Bartsch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Investigative ophthalmology & visual science     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0146-0404     ISO Abbreviation:  Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.     Publication Date:  2001 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-11-29     Completed Date:  2002-01-15     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703701     Medline TA:  Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3311-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Universitätsklinikum Eppendorf (UKE) Augenklinik, Universität Hamburg, Martinistrasse 52, 20246 Hamburg, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Actins / genetics,  physiology
Animals
Cell Differentiation
Cell Survival
Mice
Mice, Transgenic / genetics
Neurons / pathology,  physiology,  transplantation*
Reference Values
Retina / pathology,  physiopathology,  surgery*
Retinal Degeneration / pathology,  physiopathology,  surgery*
Stem Cell Transplantation*
Stem Cells / pathology,  physiology
Transplantation, Heterotopic*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Actins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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