Document Detail

A fast, simple, and inexpensive method to collect exhaled breath condensate for pH determination.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17165270     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) analysis is a noninvasive method for assessing lower airway inflammation. Various methods of collecting EBC have been described. However, they are often time-consuming or involve expensive equipment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency and repeatability of a simple, fast, and inexpensive method of EBC collection for pH determination. METHODS: Twenty-four mild asthmatic patients, 18 moderate-to-severe asthmatic patients, and 26 controls were asked to slowly exhale for 45 seconds into a -80 degrees C cooled metal cylinder covered with protective rubber and attached to a piece of tubing. The EBC was collected using a syringe's plunger. The groups were compared regarding EBC pH. Reproducibility tests were also performed. Induced sputum samples were obtained for inflammatory cell counts. RESULTS: We obtained approximately 50 microL of EBC for pH determination. Mild asthmatic patients had lower mean +/- SD pH values than controls (5.97 +/- 0.48 vs 6.36 +/- 0.34; P = .008), and corticosteroid-treated, moderate-to-severe asthmatic patients had mean +/- SD pH values similar to controls (6.23 +/- 0.38; P > .05). Mean +/- SD sputum eosinophil percentages were higher in both asthmatic groups than in controls (3.42% +/- 5.37% and 4.14% +/- 4.98% vs 0.04% +/- 0.12%; P < .001) and were not correlated with pH values in all groups. The mean intraday coefficient of variation for the method was 4.8% (range, 0.9%-8.8%). No correlation was found in all groups between sputum neutrophils and pH. CONCLUSIONS: We developed a useful device for collecting EBC for pH evaluation that could provide an alternative to other methods when pH is the main variable evaluated.
Philippe Prince; Marie-Eve Boulay; Louis-Philippe Boulet
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology : official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology     Volume:  97     ISSN:  1081-1206     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol.     Publication Date:  2006 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-12-14     Completed Date:  2007-01-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503580     Medline TA:  Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  622-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Unité de recherche en pneumologie, Centre de recherche de l'Hôpital Laval, Institut universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de l'Université Laval, Québec, Québec, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Adrenal Cortex Hormones / therapeutic use
Asthma / diagnosis*,  drug therapy
Biological Markers / analysis
Breath Tests / instrumentation,  methods
Cell Count
Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures / instrumentation*
Eosinophils / pathology
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Middle Aged
Reproducibility of Results
Sensitivity and Specificity
Sputum / cytology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adrenal Cortex Hormones; 0/Biological Markers

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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