Document Detail


The fall in force after exercise disturbs position sense at the human forearm.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22941313     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We reported previously that concentric or eccentric exercise can lead to errors in human limb position sense. Our data led us to conclude that the errors, post-exercise, were not due to an altered responsiveness of the proprioceptive afferents, and we proposed that they resulted from central changes in the processing of the afferent input. However, it remained uncertain what was responsible for triggering those changes, the volume of afferent traffic during the exercise or the developing fatigue. The afferent traffic hypothesis was tested by subjects carrying out a series of 250 lightly loaded concentric contractions of elbow flexors that produced little fatigue (6 %). This did not lead to significant position errors. In a second experiment, a series of fatiguing isometric contractions, which kept movements of the muscle to a minimum, led to a 24 % fall in force and significant position errors (3°, direction of extension). In the third experiment, at 24 h after eccentric exercise, when the short-term effects of fatigue and accumulated metabolites were gone, but force was still 28 % below control values, this was accompanied by significant position errors in the direction of extension, 3.2° in the relaxed arm and 3.3° in the self-supported arm. It is concluded that it is the fall in force accompanying exercise which is responsible for disturbing limb position sense. It is suggested that the exercise effects are generated in the brain, perhaps as a result of an alteration of the body map, triggered by the fall in force.
Authors:
Anthony Tsay; Trevor J Allen; Michael Leung; Uwe Proske
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-09-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental brain research     Volume:  222     ISSN:  1432-1106     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp Brain Res     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-11     Completed Date:  2013-07-15     Revised Date:  2013-12-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0043312     Medline TA:  Exp Brain Res     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  415-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Exercise / physiology*
Female
Forearm / physiology*
Humans
Male
Muscle Contraction / physiology*
Muscle Fatigue / physiology*
Proprioception / physiology*
Psychomotor Performance / physiology
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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