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The faisability and the effects of cycloergometer interval-training on aerobic capacity and walking performance after stroke. Preliminary study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21131249     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: After stroke, the early and persistent decline in aerobic capacity leads to diminish walking capacities. The aim of the study is to investigate the effects of aerobic cycloergometer interval-training on the walking performances in subacute and chronic stroke survivors.
METHOD: A prospective design was used. Fourteen patients whose stroke had occurred more than 3months and less than 2years performed an aerobic training session with a cycloergometer for 8weeks. A maximal exercise test, a 6-min walking test, a 20-m test and an isokinetic muscle strength test were realized before and after training session.
RESULTS: There was a significant increase after aerobic training in maximal power (Pmax) (mean 23.2%, P<0.0001), in VO(2peak) (mean 14.8%, P=0.04), and in the knee extension and flexion muscle peak torque on the nonparetic side and extension on the paretic side in isokinetic mode (mean from 13 to 29%, P=from 0.019 to P=0.0007) and in the walking performances on the 6-min walk test (mean 15.8%, P=0.0002).
CONCLUSION: Patients with subacute and chronic stroke can improve aerobic capacity, muscle strength and walking performances after cycloergometer interval-training. Although these results must be interpreted with caution considering the small size of our sample, they suggest that aerobic training is a safe and potentially effective training after stroke and an alternative to walking treadmill training.
Authors:
P Calmels; F Degache; A Courbon; F Roche; J Ramas; I Fayolle-Minon; X Devillard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of physical and rehabilitation medicine     Volume:  54     ISSN:  1877-0665     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Phys Rehabil Med     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101502773     Medline TA:  Ann Phys Rehabil Med     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3-15     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Unité LPE (EA 4338), service de médecine physique et de réadaptation, faculté de médecine Jacques-Lisfranc, université Jean-Monnet, hôpital Bellevue, CHU de Saint-Étienne, 42055 Saint-Étienne cedex 02, France.
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