Document Detail


The failure of theories of personhood.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11657914     Owner:  KIE     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The belief persists in philosophy, religion, science, and popular culture that some special cognitive property of persons like self-consciousness confers a unique moral standing. However, no set of cognitive properties confers moral standing, and metaphysical personhood is not sufficient for either moral personhood or moral standing. Cognitive theories all fail to capture the depth of commitments embedded in using the language of "person." It is more assumed than demonstrated in these theories that nonhuman animals lack a relevant form of self-consciousness or its functional equivalent. Although nonhuman animals are not plausible candidates for moral personhood, humans too fail to qualify as moral persons if they lack one or more of the conditions of moral personhood. If moral personhood were the sole basis of moral rights, then these humans would lack rights -- and precisely for the reasons that nonhuman animals would.
Authors:
Tom L Beauchamp
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Kennedy Institute of Ethics journal     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1054-6863     ISO Abbreviation:  Kennedy Inst Ethics J     Publication Date:  1999 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-07-26     Completed Date:  2000-07-26     Revised Date:  2014-03-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9109135     Medline TA:  Kennedy Inst Ethics J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  309-24     Citation Subset:  E    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Rights
Animals
Emotions
Ethical Theory
Ethics*
Freedom
Human Characteristics
Human Rights
Humans
Individuality*
Moral Obligations*
Pain
Personal Autonomy
Personhood*
Philosophy
Primates
Self Concept
Social Responsibility*
Stress, Psychological
Value of Life

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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