Document Detail

The failure of theories of personhood.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11657914     Owner:  KIE     Status:  MEDLINE    
The belief persists in philosophy, religion, science, and popular culture that some special cognitive property of persons like self-consciousness confers a unique moral standing. However, no set of cognitive properties confers moral standing, and metaphysical personhood is not sufficient for either moral personhood or moral standing. Cognitive theories all fail to capture the depth of commitments embedded in using the language of "person." It is more assumed than demonstrated in these theories that nonhuman animals lack a relevant form of self-consciousness or its functional equivalent. Although nonhuman animals are not plausible candidates for moral personhood, humans too fail to qualify as moral persons if they lack one or more of the conditions of moral personhood. If moral personhood were the sole basis of moral rights, then these humans would lack rights -- and precisely for the reasons that nonhuman animals would.
Tom L Beauchamp
Related Documents :
20347354 - Strategies to reduce methane emissions from farmed ruminants grazing on pasture.
24627264 - Harms and deprivation of benefits for nonhuman primates in research.
12700024 - Thermal chronobiology of domestic animals.
4040054 - Ethical considerations in toxicology.
3393004 - Improved intestinal cannula for drug delivery studies in the dog.
11682714 - The field epidemiology training program (fetp) in germany.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Kennedy Institute of Ethics journal     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1054-6863     ISO Abbreviation:  Kennedy Inst Ethics J     Publication Date:  1999 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-07-26     Completed Date:  2000-07-26     Revised Date:  2014-03-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9109135     Medline TA:  Kennedy Inst Ethics J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  309-24     Citation Subset:  E    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Animal Rights
Ethical Theory
Human Characteristics
Human Rights
Moral Obligations*
Personal Autonomy
Self Concept
Social Responsibility*
Stress, Psychological
Value of Life

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  The concept of the person and the value of life.
Next Document:  The Confucian relational concept of the person and its modern predicament.