Document Detail


The extent of working memory deficits associated with Williams syndrome: Exploration of verbal and spatial domains and executively controlled processes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21889249     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The present study investigated verbal and spatial working memory (WM) functioning in individuals with the neuro-developmental disorder Williams syndrome (WS) using WM component tasks. While there is strong evidence of WM impairments in WS, previous research has focused on short-term memory and has neglected assessment of executive components of WM. There is a particular lack of consensus concerning the profile of verbal WM functioning in WS. Here, WS participants were compared to typically developing participants matched for (1) verbal ability and (2) spatial ability (N=14 in each of the 3 groups). Individuals with WS were impaired on verbal WM tasks, both those involving short-term maintenance of information and executive manipulation, in comparison to verbal-matched controls. Surprisingly, individuals with WS were not impaired on a spatial task assessing short-term maintenance of information in memory (remembering spatial locations) compared to spatial-matched controls. They were, however, impaired on a spatial executive WM task requiring the manipulation of spatial information in memory. The present study suggests that individuals with WS show WM impairments that extend to both verbal and spatial domains, although spatial deficits are selective to executive aspects of WM function.
Authors:
Sinéad M Rhodes; Deborah M Riby; Emma Fraser; Lorna Elise Campbell
Related Documents :
22261419 - Overnight lexical consolidation revealed by speech segmentation.
21945849 - Aβ deposition in aging is associated with increases in brain activation during successf...
21960709 - Aversive olfactory learning and associative long-term memory in caenorhabditis elegans.
22018889 - Different components of working memory have different relationships with different math...
19317379 - Effect of ramelteon on middle-of-the-night balance in older adults with chronic insomnia.
22032649 - Tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside improves learning and (or) memory ability of aged rats a...
15134479 - Metrics of optical quality derived from wave aberrations predict visual performance.
21075009 - Faces and ascriptions: mapping measures of the self.
20081159 - Investigating temporal properties of covert shifts of visual attention using the attent...
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-8-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain and cognition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1090-2147     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8218014     Medline TA:  Brain Cogn     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Affiliation:
School of Psychological Sciences and Health, University of Strathclyde, Graham Hills Building, 40 George Street, Glasgow G1 IQE, UK.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Increased spreading activation in depression.
Next Document:  Transfer of short-term motor learning across the lower limbs as a function of task conception and pr...