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An explanation for the changes in collagen in sporadic Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21745715     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
There is evidence showing abnormalities in collagen from the skin of patients with sporadic Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (sALS) both from Guam and elsewhere. The non-proteinogenic amino acid beta-N-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA) was first associated with the high incidence of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/Parkinsonism Dementia Complex (ALS/PDC) in Guam, and has been implicated as a potential environmental factor in ALS and other neurodegenerative diseases. BMAA has a number of toxic effects on motor neurons including direct agonist action on NMDA and AMPA receptors, induction of oxidative stress, and depletion of glutathione. As a non-proteinogenic amino acid, there is also the strong possibility that BMAA could cause intraneuronal protein misfolding, the hallmark of neurodegeneration. While an animal model for BMAA-induced ALS is lacking, there is substantial evidence to support a link between this toxin and ALS. We hypothesize that the abnormalities seen in sALS collagen may result from the misincorporation of BMAA and subsequent misfolding of the collagen protein.
Authors:
Nicholas C Field; Tracie A Caller; Elijah W Stommel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical hypotheses     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2777     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505668     Medline TA:  Med Hypotheses     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Neurology, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH, USA.
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