Document Detail


An experimental model for the study of transient lower oesophageal sphincter relaxation and motor function of the proximal stomach in humans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15198650     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A simple and reliable experimental model would be useful in human research on new drugs which target transient lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS) relaxation. The aim was to investigate the effect of repeated distensions on the rate of transient LOS relaxation, LOS pressure and motor function of the proximal stomach. Twelve healthy subjects were studied with a multilumen manometric assembly incorporating a sleeve sensor for the LOS and a bag positioned in the proximal stomach and connected to a barostat. Intrabag volume was set at 75% of the threshold for gastric discomfort and maintained for two 30-min distension periods separated by a 45-min washout with the bag deflated. The studies lasted 145 +/- 2 min. The rate of transient LOS relaxations was similar during the two distensions, 3.5;2-4 vs 3;2.5-4 (median;interquartile range) and so was LOS pressure. Baseline intrabag pressure, as a measure of gastric tone, and the number of pressure waves, as a measure of phasic contractions, were also similar, 11.3;9.3-12.3 mmHg vs 10.8;9.3-12.5 mmHg and 16;13-28 mmHg vs 19;15-29 mmHg, respectively. Our model allows to perform 1-day studies which can assess two experimental conditions on transient LOS relaxations and motor function of the proximal stomach within an acceptable time span.
Authors:
S Carmagnola; P Cantù; D Savojardo; M Allocca; R Penagini
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1350-1925     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurogastroenterol. Motil.     Publication Date:  2004 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-06-16     Completed Date:  2004-08-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9432572     Medline TA:  Neurogastroenterol Motil     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  287-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Cattedra di Gastroenterologia, Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche, University of Milan-IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore, Milan, Italy.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Esophagogastric Junction / physiology*
Female
Gastrointestinal Motility / physiology*
Humans
Male
Manometry / methods*
Models, Biological
Muscle Relaxation / physiology*
Muscle, Smooth / physiology
Stomach / physiology*
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2004 Jun;16(3):269-70   [PMID:  15198647 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Assessment of gastric accommodation: overview and evaluation of current methods.
Next Document:  Effects of electroacupuncture on gastric myoelectrical activity in healthy humans.