Document Detail

The excretion of nicotine in breast milk and urine from cigarette smoking: its effect on lactation and the nursing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12259174     Owner:  PIP     Status:  MEDLINE    
A study was conducted to determine the effects of nicotine on lactation and the nurslings. 55 white volunteers between 18-36 years of age, both multiparas and primiparas, who smoke habitually were studied. Nicotine was found to be present in all milk and urine specimens obtained from smoking mothers. Comparison with nonsmoking mothers showed that no specimen of their urine or milk contained nicotine. 11-17 times more nicotine was contained in the urine than in the milk samples. There was a correlation between the amount of nicotine in either the urine or the milk and the number of cigarettes smoked. 20% of the mothers in the study had insufficient milk to continue lactation, but this was no higher than the usual percentage of women who fail to sustain lactation. The nurslings were apparently unaffected by the nicotine they ingested with their breast milk. It is suggested that a tolerance to nicotine may prevent the nicotine from affecting either the mothers' ability to nurse or the infants.
H H Perlman; A M Dannenberg; N Sokoloff
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Medical Association     Volume:  120     ISSN:  0002-9955     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Med Assoc     Publication Date:  1942 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1980-01-08     Completed Date:  1980-01-08     Revised Date:  2013-02-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7507176     Medline TA:  J Am Med Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1003-9     Citation Subset:  J    
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MeSH Terms
Body Weight
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
Digestive System
Human Experimentation*
Urogenital System

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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