Document Detail


An examination of jury verdicts for evidence of a similarity-leniency effect, an out-group punitiveness effect or a black sheep effect.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15638212     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Archival data from cases adjudicated by jury in El Paso and Bexar County, Texas, were used to test whether a similarity-leniency effect, an out-group punitiveness effect, or a black sheep effect (BSE; J. M. Marques, V Y. Yzerbyt, & J. P. Leyens, 1988) influenced jury decisions. Defendant ethnicity, jury ethnic composition, and strength of evidence against the defendant were coded for 418 closed noncapital, felony cases to test their impact on trial verdicts and sentence lengths. Results indicated complex relations exist among juror and defendant characteristics and their influence on trial outcomes. No support was found for any of the theoretical models as predictors of jury decision-making. Strength of evidence was the most influential variable for both verdicts and length of sentences. Case strength, defendant ethnicity, and jury composition were related to sentence lengths.
Authors:
Tanya S Taylor; Harmon M Hosch
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Law and human behavior     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0147-7307     ISO Abbreviation:  Law Hum Behav     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-01-10     Completed Date:  2005-01-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801255     Medline TA:  Law Hum Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  587-98     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas 79968-0553, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Crime / ethnology,  psychology
Decision Making*
Hispanic Americans*
Humans
Judicial Role*
Models, Theoretical
Prejudice
Punishment / psychology*
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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