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An ex vivo model of coxsackievirus infection using multilayered human conjunctival epithelial cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21519941     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to establish an ex vivo model of coxsackievirus infection since there seems to be no suitable disease model currently. METHODS: Human conjunctival epithelial cells (HCECs) were cultured for 2 weeks in a serum-free air-liquid interface system to produce a multilayered structure. The cells were infected with coxsackievirus A24 (CVA24). Histological changes were investigated by staining the cells with H&E and DAPI, and apoptosis was evaluated using the TUNEL technique. Virus replication was measured in HeLa cells infected with viral progeny from multilayered HCECs, after 1 and 3 days, using the TCID(50) method. RESULTS: Cultured HCECs formed multiple layers. The cells showed characteristics of conjunctival epithelial cells and goblet cells, being immunohistochemically positive for CK19 and MUC5AC, respectively. CVA24 replicated readily in cultured multilayered HCECs. A mild cytopathic effect was noted 1 day after viral inoculation. Cell damage was extensive at 3 days. TUNEL imaging confirmed that the cytopathology was attributable to apoptosis. The TCID(50) data from HeLa cells indicated that the virus was actively replicating at both 1 and 3 days after inoculation. CONCLUSIONS: This novel infection model may be useful in investigating the pathogenesis of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis and the effectiveness of antiviral treatments.
Jooeun Lee; Eun Jung Jun; Jung Hae Sunwoo; Eun Soon Kim; Jae-Hyung Kim; Jae Yong Kim; Myoung Joon Kim; Yoo Kyum Kim; Heuiran Lee; Hungwon Tchah
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Graefe's archive for clinical and experimental ophthalmology = Albrecht von Graefes Archiv fur klinische und experimentelle Ophthalmologie     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1435-702X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8205248     Medline TA:  Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, 388-1 Pungnap-2dong, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 138-736, Korea.
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