Document Detail

The evolution of the concept of brain death.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15586966     Owner:  KIE     Status:  MEDLINE    
The definition of death has taken many forms throughout history. Because of advances in critical care and developments in transplantation, a new definition of death has evolved over the past 30 years. The first accounts of brain death were published in 1959, in relative obscurity. They were only considered to be of academic interest. In the mid-1960s, advances in transplantation and the need for viable organs started debate about the use of "brain-dead" patients as organ donors. Conceptual advances by the ad hoc committee of the Harvard medical school and the use of angiography and the electroencephalogram both advanced and confused the issue. Acceptance by the medical community remained divided. During the 1970s, brain-stem death was proposed as the true definition of death by pioneers in the United States and Britain. In the 1980s, the clinical diagnosis of brain-stem death was officially accepted and many of the controversies subsided.
M T Spoor; F R Sutherland
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals (Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada)     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0035-8800     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann R Coll Physicians Surg Can     Publication Date:  1995 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-12-09     Completed Date:  2005-01-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505204     Medline TA:  Ann R Coll Physicians Surg Can     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  30-4     Citation Subset:  E    
Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Dr. N.W., Calgary AB T2N 4N1, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Brain Death* / diagnosis
History, 20th Century
Tissue and Organ Procurement

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