Document Detail

An evaluation of the properties of attention as reinforcement for destructive and appropriate behavior.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10641299     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The analogue functional analysis described by Iwata, Dorsey, Slifer, Bauman, and Richman (1982/1994) identifies broad classes of variables (e.g., positive reinforcement) that maintain destructive behavior (Fisher, Ninness, Piazza, & Owen-DeSchryver, 1996). However, it is likely that some types of stimuli may be more effective reinforcers than others. In the current investigation, we identified 2 participants whose destructive behavior was maintained by attention. We used concurrent schedules of reinforcement to evaluate how different types of attention affected both destructive and appropriate behavior. We showed that for 1 participant praise was not an effective reinforcer when verbal reprimands were available; however, praise was an effective reinforcer when verbal reprimands were unavailable. For the 2nd participant, we identified a type of attention that effectively competed with verbal reprimands as reinforcement. We then used the information obtained from the assessments to develop effective treatments to reduce destructive behavior and increase an alternative communicative response.
C C Piazza; L G Bowman; S A Contrucci; M D Delia; J D Adelinis; H L Goh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied behavior analysis     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0021-8855     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Behav Anal     Publication Date:  1999  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-02-29     Completed Date:  2000-02-29     Revised Date:  2010-09-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0174763     Medline TA:  J Appl Behav Anal     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  437-49     Citation Subset:  IM    
Neurobehavioral Unit, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aggression / psychology*
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / psychology*,  therapy
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders / psychology*,  therapy
Behavior Therapy
Mental Retardation / psychology*,  therapy
Reinforcement, Verbal*
Grant Support
MCJ249149-02//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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