Document Detail


An evaluation of the properties of attention as reinforcement for destructive and appropriate behavior.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10641299     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The analogue functional analysis described by Iwata, Dorsey, Slifer, Bauman, and Richman (1982/1994) identifies broad classes of variables (e.g., positive reinforcement) that maintain destructive behavior (Fisher, Ninness, Piazza, & Owen-DeSchryver, 1996). However, it is likely that some types of stimuli may be more effective reinforcers than others. In the current investigation, we identified 2 participants whose destructive behavior was maintained by attention. We used concurrent schedules of reinforcement to evaluate how different types of attention affected both destructive and appropriate behavior. We showed that for 1 participant praise was not an effective reinforcer when verbal reprimands were available; however, praise was an effective reinforcer when verbal reprimands were unavailable. For the 2nd participant, we identified a type of attention that effectively competed with verbal reprimands as reinforcement. We then used the information obtained from the assessments to develop effective treatments to reduce destructive behavior and increase an alternative communicative response.
Authors:
C C Piazza; L G Bowman; S A Contrucci; M D Delia; J D Adelinis; H L Goh
Related Documents :
23920029 - Procedural learning is impaired in dyslexia: evidence from a meta-analysis of serial re...
24233429 - Effects of accuracy feedback versus monetary contingency on arousal in high and low fre...
23867149 - The prototypical histamine h3 receptor inverse agonist thioperamide improves multiple a...
13916029 - The conditioning of textual responses using "extrinsic" reinforcers.
24104049 - Psychological and neural mechanisms of experimental extinction: a selective review.
19603069 - Contrasting role of octopamine in appetitive and aversive learning in the crab chasmagn...
12493549 - Age-related deficits as working memory load increases: relationships with growth factors.
23066939 - Beyond phonological processing deficits in adult dyslexics: atypical fmri activation pa...
21463039 - Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus selectively improves learning of weak...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied behavior analysis     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0021-8855     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Behav Anal     Publication Date:  1999  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-02-29     Completed Date:  2000-02-29     Revised Date:  2010-09-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0174763     Medline TA:  J Appl Behav Anal     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  437-49     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Neurobehavioral Unit, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aggression / psychology*
Attention*
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / psychology*,  therapy
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders / psychology*,  therapy
Behavior Therapy
Child
Humans
Male
Mental Retardation / psychology*,  therapy
Reinforcement, Verbal*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
MCJ249149-02//PHS HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Analysis of activity preferences as a function of differential consequences.
Next Document:  Evaluating self-control and impulsivity in children with severe behavior disorders.