Document Detail

An evaluation of current and alternative systems for quality grading carcasses of mature slaughter cows.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9734859     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Strip loins from 354 female bovine carcasses, selected to represent 30 skeletal maturity (A, B, C, D, and E) x marbling score (SA/MA/AB, MD, MT, SM, SL, and TR/PD) subclasses, were used to evaluate current and alternative systems for classifying cow carcasses into expected-palatability groups. Strip loins were vacuum-packaged, stored for 14 d postmortem at 2 degrees C, and frozen (-27 degrees C). Five steaks from each strip loin, each cooked to a different internal temperature (60, 66, 71, 77, or 82 degrees C), were used for shear force determinations. Two steaks from each strip loin, one cooked to 66 degrees C and the other to 77 degrees C, were used for sensory evaluation. Increased carcass maturity was associated with decreased tenderness and juiciness, increased flavor intensity, and a higher incidence of flavors described as "painty," "fishy," and "grassy." Position of a carcass within a maturity group had a negligible effect on palatability. Increased marbling was associated with greater tenderness and juiciness, a lower incidence of steaks with a "grassy" flavor, and a higher incidence of steaks with a flavor described as "fatty." Relationships between marbling and beef palatability traits were consistent across all maturity groups. Carcasses of maturities A through E were most effectively stratified according to differences in palatability when marbling scores were grouped as follows: 1) MD and higher; 2) SL, SM, MT; and 3) TR/PD. Among mature (C, D, and E maturity) carcasses, yellow-colored fat was associated with greater beef toughness and higher detection rates for "grassy" and "fishy" flavors. Higher end-point temperatures were associated with higher shear force values and lower ratings for muscle fiber tenderness, connective tissue amount, overall tenderness, and juiciness. Two alternative grading approaches (one involving current quality grading factors and the other involving the use of fat color as an additional grade factor) were developed for possible use in classification of cow carcasses into expected-palatability groups. Both alternative systems provided a more effective stratification of cow carcasses according to palatability differences than did the current USDA quality grading system.
G G Hilton; J D Tatum; S E Williams; K E Belk; F L Williams; J W Wise; G C Smith
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  76     ISSN:  0021-8812     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  1998 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-10-06     Completed Date:  1998-10-06     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2094-103     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins 80523, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Analysis of Variance
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Least-Squares Analysis
Meat / classification,  standards*
Stress, Mechanical

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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