Document Detail


The evaluation of autonomic nervous system activation during learning in rhesus macaques with the analysis of the heart rate variability.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17551226     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aims of this study were to measure the activity of the autonomic nervous system using heart rate variability (HRV) during learning tasks and to clarify the relationship between learning to overcome a difficult situation and the autonomic nervous system in monkeys. Two young male monkeys (Macaca mulatta) were given simple discrimination learning tasks (DL) and delayed matching to samples tasks (DMTS); Holter-type electrocardiography was done, and HRV was measured. We defined the frequency bands of HRV in rhesus macaques; the low frequency (LF) was 0.01-0.15 Hz, and the high frequency (HF) was 0.15-0.50 Hz. Based on these frequency bands, the LF/HF ratios during learning tasks were analyzed, and a significant increase in the ratio was found during the tasks. The variances in the HF differed between the DL and DMTS tasks; during DMTS tasks, HF variances had a tendency to increase. Our results indicate that increased sympathetic activity accompanied learning and suggest that the parasympathetic nervous system plays a key role during learning, particularly when difficult tasks are being learned.
Authors:
Hidehiko Uchiyama; Nobuyo Ohtani; Mitsuaki Ohta
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of veterinary medical science / the Japanese Society of Veterinary Science     Volume:  69     ISSN:  0916-7250     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Vet. Med. Sci.     Publication Date:  2007 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-06-06     Completed Date:  2008-01-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9105360     Medline TA:  J Vet Med Sci     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  521-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Azabu University School of Veterinary Medicine, Fuchinobe, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Animals
Autonomic Nervous System / physiology*
Discrimination Learning / physiology*
Heart Rate / physiology*
Macaca mulatta / physiology*
Male
Photic Stimulation
Psychomotor Performance

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