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An evaluation of the 30-s chair stand test in older adults: frailty detection based on kinematic parameters from a single inertial unit.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24059755     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: A growing interest in frailty syndrome exists because it is regarded as a major predictor of co-morbidities and mortality in older populations. Nevertheless, frailty assessment has been controversial, particularly when identifying this syndrome in a community setting. Performance tests such as the 30-second chair stand test (30-s CST) are a cornerstone for detecting early declines in functional independence. Additionally, recent advances in body-fixed sensors have enhanced the sensors¿ ability to automatically and accurately evaluate kinematic parameters related to a specific movement performance. The purpose of this study is to use this new technology to obtain kinematic parameters that can identify frailty in an aged population through the performance the 30-s CST.
METHODS: Eighteen adults with a mean age of 54 years, as well as sixteen pre-frail and thirteen frail patients with mean ages of 78 and 85 years, respectively, performed the 30-s CST while threir trunk movements were measured by a sensor-unit at vertebra L3. Sit-stand-sit cycles were determined using both acceleration and orientation information to detect failed attempts. Movement-related phases (i.e. impulse, stand-up, and sit-down) were differentiated based on seat off and seat on events. Finally, the kinematic parameters of the impulse, stand-up and sit-down phases were obtained to identify potential differences across the three frailty groups.
RESULTS: For the stand-up and sit-down phases, velocity peaks and ¿modified impulse¿ parameters clearly differentiated subjects with different frailty levels (p¿<¿0.001). The trunk orientation range during the impulse phase was also able to classify a subject according to his frail syndrome (p¿<¿0.001). Furthermore, these parameters derived from the inertial units (IUs) are sensitive enough to detect frailty differences not registered by the number of completed cycles which is the standard test outcome.
CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that IUs can enhance the information gained from tests currently used in clinical practice, such as the 30-s CST. Parameters such as velocity peaks, impulse, and orientation range are able to differentiate between adults and older populations with different frailty levels. This study indicates that early frailty detection could be possible in clinical environments, and the subsequent interventions to correct these disabilities could be prescribed before further degradation occurs.
Nora Millor; Pablo Lecumberri; Marisol Gómez; Alicia Martínez-Ramírez; Mikel Izquierdo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-8-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neuroengineering and rehabilitation     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1743-0003     ISO Abbreviation:  J Neuroeng Rehabil     Publication Date:  2013 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-9-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101232233     Medline TA:  J Neuroeng Rehabil     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  86     Citation Subset:  -    
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