Document Detail


An ethically justified, clinically comprehensive approach to peri-viability: gynaecological, obstetric, perinatal and neonatal dimensions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17365448     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Peri-viability, 22-26 completed weeks' gestational age, has generated ongoing clinical ethical controversies concerning the roles of abortion, caesarean delivery for fetal indication, neonatal resuscitation and limits on life-sustaining treatment of neonates. This paper provides a comprehensive, ethically justified approach to the clinical management of peri-viable fetuses and infants. We reviewed available data about the outcomes of peri-viable fetuses and developed an outcomes-based ethical framework that appeals to the ethical principles of beneficence, autonomy and justice. We identified beneficence-based, autonomy-based and justice-based considerations that should guide clinical judgement, the informed consent process, and decisions about termination of pregnancy, caesarean delivery and setting justified limits on life-sustaining treatment of neonatal patients. Ethics is an essential component of perinatal medicine because it provides physicians with an evidence-based, ethically justified, comprehensive approach to the gynaecological, obstetric, perinatal and neonatal dimensions of peri-viability.
Authors:
F A Chervenak; L B McCullough; M I Levene
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0144-3615     ISO Abbreviation:  J Obstet Gynaecol     Publication Date:  2007 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-03-16     Completed Date:  2007-05-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309140     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynaecol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, NYPH-Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New York 10021, USA. fac2001@med.cornell.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abortion, Induced / ethics*
Female
Fetal Therapies / ethics*
Fetal Viability*
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Life Support Care / ethics*
Perinatal Care / ethics*
Pregnancy

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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