Document Detail


The establishing effects of client location on self-injurious behavior.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9292931     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Three functional assessments were conducted with a client with self-injurious behavior (SIB), which indicated that SIB appeared to be sensitive to attention as reinforcement. In addition, levels of SIB were much higher when the client was seated in his wheelchair. An additional analysis was conducted in which client location (in and out of wheelchair) was altered while reinforcement contingencies (attention) for SIB were held constant. Levels of SIB again were higher when the client was positioned in his wheelchair, even though the consequences for SIB were identical. The results of this final analysis suggested that the wheelchair functioned as an establishing stimulus altering the efficacy of social positive reinforcement.
Authors:
J D Adelinis; C C Piazza; W W Fisher; G P Hanley
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Research in developmental disabilities     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0891-4222     ISO Abbreviation:  Res Dev Disabil     Publication Date:    1997 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-10-24     Completed Date:  1997-10-24     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8709782     Medline TA:  Res Dev Disabil     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  383-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Neurobehavioral Unit, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attention
Behavior Therapy
Child
Humans
Male
Mental Retardation / psychology*,  therapy
Reinforcement (Psychology)
Self-Injurious Behavior / psychology*,  therapy
Social Environment*
Wheelchairs
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
MCJ249149-02//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Psychopathology in children and adolescents with developmental disorders.
Next Document:  Biotransformations on steroid nucleus of bile acids.