Document Detail

The essential tension between leadership and power: when leaders sacrifice group goals for the sake of self-interest.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20649369     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Throughout human history, leaders have been responsible for helping groups attain important goals. Ideally, leaders use their power to steer groups toward desired outcomes. However, leaders can also use their power in the service of self-interest rather than effective leadership. Five experiments identified factors within both the person and the social context that determine whether leaders wield their power to promote group goals versus self-interest. In most cases, leaders behaved in a manner consistent with group goals. However, when their power was tenuous due to instability within the hierarchy, leaders high (but not low) in dominance motivation prioritized their own power over group goals: They withheld valuable information from the group, excluded a highly skilled group member, and prevented a proficient group member from having any influence over a group task. These self-interested actions were eliminated when the group was competing against a rival outgroup. Findings provide important insight into factors that influence the way leaders navigate the essential tension between leadership and power.
Jon K Maner; Nicole L Mead
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of personality and social psychology     Volume:  99     ISSN:  1939-1315     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pers Soc Psychol     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-31     Completed Date:  2010-12-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0014171     Medline TA:  J Pers Soc Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  482-97     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).
Department of Psychology, Florida State University, FL, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Competitive Behavior / physiology
Group Processes*
Power (Psychology)*
Social Dominance*
Students / psychology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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