Document Detail

The esophageal 'pouch sign': a benign transient finding.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20582925     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Sonographic finding of an esophageal pouch is considered pathognomonic for fetal esophageal atresia (EA). We investigated the clinical significance of this finding.
METHODS: Longitudinal sonographic follow-up in pregnancy and neonatal diagnostic work-up was performed in six fetuses with an esophageal neck pouch referred for polyhydramnios and a small or absent stomach. Fetal swallowing and cyclic distension of the pouch were observed for at least 30 min, and follow-up examinations were conducted at 2 to 3 weeks intervals.
RESULTS: First visualization of the pouch occurred between 18 and 29 weeks of gestation. All pouches were located above the fetal clavicle. No additional anomalies were detected on detailed anatomic survey. Five fetuses had normal karyotypes. At 21 to 33 weeks of gestation, polyhydramnios had resolved, and the stomach was found to be normal in size and shape in all cases. The neonatal work-up ruled out EA in all cases.
CONCLUSION: The fetal esophageal pouch sign occurs in structurally normal fetuses and should not be considered pathognomonic for EA or serve as the grounds for pregnancy termination.
Ido Solt; Siegfried Rotmensch; Moshe Bronshtein
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Prenatal diagnosis     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1097-0223     ISO Abbreviation:  Prenat. Diagn.     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-02     Completed Date:  2010-12-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8106540     Medline TA:  Prenat Diagn     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  845-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(c) 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Esophageal Atresia / ultrasonography*
Esophagus / embryology*,  ultrasonography*
Follow-Up Studies
Longitudinal Studies
Polyhydramnios / ultrasonography
Ultrasonography, Prenatal*

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