Document Detail


An ergonomics approach to citrus harvest mechanization.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22317498     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Due to the increase of production costs in manual harvesting, strategies must be developed in order to overcome these effects, such as the attempts in implementing agricultural machines in harvest activities, whether being totally or partially mechanized. This study brings a qualitative and quantitative comparison on the impacts in work conditions and productivity in Brazilian orchards caused by the use of semi-mechanized harvesting systems, such as multiplatforms. The results come from the application of Ergonomic Work Analysis method, which focuses in the activity, quantifying and analyzing times and frequencies of the harvesting cycle, as well as the amount of movements. To achieve this, footage, interviews and a stopwatch were used in the observation 12 pickers' work cycles, six for each method of harvesting. The data interpretation pointed to improvement in working conditions with a reduction in the amount of movements performed by the picker, and increase of up to 60% in productivity with the use of semi-mechanized harvesting. Thus, the found results indicate the viability of this harvesting method. However, other variables must be observed in future studies in order to complete the guidelines for a healthy progress in the area of citrus harvesting in Brazil.
Authors:
Simone Emmanuelle Alves Costa; João Alberto Camarotto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Work (Reading, Mass.)     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1875-9270     ISO Abbreviation:  Work     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-09     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9204382     Medline TA:  Work     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  5027-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Production Engineering, Federal University of Sao Carlos, Washington Luiz, km 235,13565-905, Sao Carlos/SP, Brazil.
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