Document Detail

The epidemiology, mortality and morbidity of tuberculosis in Australia: 1850-94.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8924298     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The review covers the four major changes in the history of tuberculosis in Australia from 1850 to 1994. During the first 100 years there was no significant effective treatment. Mass miniature radiological chest screening and effective bacteriological examination of World War II army recruits resulted in reliable diagnosis. The Australian Tuberculosis Campaign 1948-76 utilized the army experience for detection, and the use of specific treatment virtually eliminated the disease. Failure to maintain strict screening of high-risk groups, especially immigrants, has led to a resurgence of tuberculosis as shown by an increase in notifications in adults and prevalence rates in secondary school children.
H E Williams; P D Phelan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of paediatrics and child health     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1034-4810     ISO Abbreviation:  J Paediatr Child Health     Publication Date:  1995 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-11-01     Completed Date:  1996-11-01     Revised Date:  2007-09-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9005421     Medline TA:  J Paediatr Child Health     Country:  AUSTRALIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  495-8     Citation Subset:  IM; Q    
Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Australia / epidemiology
Emigration and Immigration / history
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Mass Chest X-Ray / history
Military Personnel / history
Population Surveillance
Tuberculosis / epidemiology,  history*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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