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The epidemiology and management of gynatresia in Lagos, southwest Nigeria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22717415     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To document data from patients presenting with gynatresia at 2 tertiary health centers in Lagos, southwest Nigeria. METHODS: In a prospective, descriptive study, clinical history and physical examination data were collected for women who presented with gynatresia between January 2004 and January 2011. Ultrasonography results and abnormality at surgery were also documented. Where possible, the severity of stenosis and surgical outcome were assessed by published scales. RESULTS: Forty-seven patients were included in the study. Eight patients (17.0%) presented with congenital gynatresia, the commonest cause of which was Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome (4 patients, 50%). Thirty-nine patients (83.0%) presented with acquired gynatresia, the main cause of which was herbal pessaries (30 patients, 76.9%). Herbal pessaries were used to treat fibroids (23 patients, 76.7%), uterovaginal prolapse (3, 10.0%), and infertility (2, 6.7%); and to procure abortion (2, 6.7%). The ages of the patients who used herbal pessary ranged from 18 to 50years (mean 36.10±1.24years). Other causes of acquired gynatresia were birth injuries (6 patients, 15.4%), and female genital mutilation (2, 5.1%). CONCLUSION: Acquired gynatresia was more common in Lagos than congenital gynatresia. The causes of acquired gynatresia are preventable and could be eliminated by health education.
Andrew O Ugburo; Idowu O Fadeyibi; Ayodeji A Oluwole; Bolaji O Mofikoya; Abidoye Gbadegesin; Omololu Adegbola
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-3479     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0210174     Medline TA:  Int J Gynaecol Obstet     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Department of Surgery, Burns and Plastic Surgery Unit, College of Medicine, University of Lagos/Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi-Araba, Nigeria.
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