Document Detail


The epidemiology and control of measles in Yaoundé, Cameroun, 1968-1975.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7287287     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Surveillance data on measles in Yaoundé during the 8 years from 1968-1975 have been reviewed. Measles epidemics occurred in every year except 1969-1970, the period of the attach phase of the Smallpox Eradication and Measles Control Programme. Subsequent biennial mass measles immunisation campaigns and maintenance measles immunisation at the child health centre failed to interrupt epidemic transmission. 70-80% of cases were under 24 months of age. Annual outbreaks occurred during the first half of each year, but smaller numbers of cases continued throughout the year. The outbreaks came to an end despite 32-41% of 6 through 36 month old children remaining susceptible. The seasonality of measles was not simply related to the annual rainfall pattern. Rather it is hypothesised that measles seasonality depends on the movement of young children with their mothers during the annual agricultural cycles. Measles immunisation programmes must be adapted to local epidemiological and cultural conditions in order to interrupt transmission.
Authors:
B Guyer; A M McBean
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of epidemiology     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0300-5771     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Epidemiol     Publication Date:  1981 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1981-12-21     Completed Date:  1981-12-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802871     Medline TA:  Int J Epidemiol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  263-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Factors
Cameroon
Child, Preschool
Data Collection
Female
Humans
Immunization*
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Measles / epidemiology,  prevention & control*
Seasons

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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