Document Detail


An epidemiological study of the occurrence of habu snake bite on the Amami Islands, Japan.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3667047     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study was carried out in order to estimate the risk of habu snake bite on the Amami Islands in relation to meteorological and human behavioural factors. A time-series analysis of the seasonal variation of habu snake bite was also carried out in order to clarify the possible mechanism of the epidemiological features of habu bite. It was found that the risk of habu bite has been decreasing over a long period of time on both the islands of Amamioshima and Tokunoshima. In general, the risk is higher on Tokunoshima for males and on Amamioshima it is higher for females. There was a significant positive correlation between risk and time spent in the sugar cane fields. Analysis of annual cumulative risk revealed that the inhabitants of Tokunoshima were more likely to be bitten by the habu than those of Amamioshima. The probable explanation for this was the difference between the two islands in the size of cultivated area or the proportion of the labour force engaged in primary industry. Seasonal variation of habu bite showed a maximum occurrence in June. This seasonality was probably caused by the effects of climate on the activities of both humans and habu snakes. Meteorological conditions were investigated by multiple regression analysis for causal effects on the seasonal variation in the occurrence of habu bite; as a result, temperature and humidity were presumed to have an important influence. These facts supplied the most probable explanation for the highest incidence of habu bite being in June rather than in August--the hottest season--on the Amami Islands.
Authors:
T Tomari
Related Documents :
1124867 - Correlation between date of birth and pollen sensitivity.
8968637 - Fluctuations in schizophrenic births by year.
3820177 - Influence of melatonin on the initiation of the breeding season of the marsupial bandic...
9858097 - Seasonality of birth in epilepsy: a danish study.
2145377 - Changes in the fibrinolysin system in infantile and adult respiratory distress syndrome...
20970397 - Cardiac magnetic resonance in the study of neonatal haemodynamics.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of epidemiology     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0300-5771     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Epidemiol     Publication Date:  1987 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-12-08     Completed Date:  1987-12-08     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802871     Medline TA:  Int J Epidemiol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  451-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Kagoshima University, Japan.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Activities of Daily Living
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Child
Female
Humans
Japan
Male
Middle Aged
Probability
Risk Factors
Seasons
Sex Factors
Snake Bites / epidemiology*,  etiology
Weather

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  The influence of illnesses on the food intake of young children.
Next Document:  Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in Jordan: a seroprevalence study.