Document Detail

An epidemiological study of health and nutritional status of under five children in semi-urban community of Gujarat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17444049     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In developing countries, children of 0-5 years of age form a large as well as "high risk" group. Malnutrition poses a grave risk to the health of these children. The main objectives of this study were to assess the health & nutritional status of children of 0-5 years of age group & to study the influence of various epidemiological factors on health & nutritional status of children on 0-5 years of age group. It is a community based cross sectional study done in randomly selected three wards of Petlad town, district Anand in Gujarat state. 300 children of age group 0-5 years selected by systematic sampling method. Mother of each child included in the study was subjected to personal interview in her own house followed by clinical examination & anthropometric measurements of the child. The three indices of nutritional status namely, weight for age, height for age, & weight for height were expressed in standard deviation units from the median for the international reference populations as per WHONCHS standards & were compared with WHONCHS growth reference data. The prevalence of under weight (wt. for age below 2SD) was 43.67%. 50.3% children were found stunted (ht. 1br age below -2 SID) with higher prevalence in 2nd and 5th year of life. Prevalence of wasting (wt. for ht. below 2SD) was comparatively low (23.2% with a peak in 3rd year of life). These nutritional parameters showed a significant association with parental education, socio-economic status, family size, environmental conditions (safe drink water, sanitary waste disposal & overcrowding), & episodes of common diseases.
D Bhanderi; S K Choudhary
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of public health     Volume:  50     ISSN:  0019-557X     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Public Health     Publication Date:    2006 Oct-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-04-20     Completed Date:  2007-05-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400673     Medline TA:  Indian J Public Health     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  213-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Community Medicine, Pramukh Swami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
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MeSH Terms
Body Height
Body Weight
Child, Preschool
Health Status
India / epidemiology
Infant, Newborn
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Status*
Social Class
Suburban Population
Wasting Syndrome / epidemiology*

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