Document Detail


An epidemiological evaluation of 1098 acute poisoning cases from Turkey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15303399     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study evaluated the characteristics of orally poisoned patients admitted to our emergency department (ED) between January 1, 1998 and February 28, 2002. This study included 1098 patients. Poisoning cases annualy accounted for 0.5-1.3% of total patient admission during this period. The average age of the patients was 26y old. Poisoning was particulary common in students and housewives. Poisoning cases presented to the ED most commonly between 6 pm and 12 am (38%). More than half of study patients (52%) were admitted to the ED within 2 h of exposure. The incidence of concomitant alcohol intake with another intoxicant was 11%. The ingested drugs were 32% various antidepressants, 23% paracetamol, 20% analgesics (excluding paracetamol and salicylates), 10% antibiotics, 9% benzodiazepines, 7% salicylates and 7% cardiovascular drugs. Most patients received at least 1 of the following treatments: gastric lavage, oral activated charcoal, iv hydration, or diuresis. Thirty-two percent of patients were hospitalized beyond 24 h and 68% of were discharged within 24 h. The mortality rate of the overall cohort was < 1%. Psychiatric consultation was obtained for 55% of patients.
Authors:
Meltem Akkas; Figen Coskun; Nadir Ulu; Bulent Sivri
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary and human toxicology     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0145-6296     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet Hum Toxicol     Publication Date:  2004 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-08-11     Completed Date:  2004-09-10     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7704194     Medline TA:  Vet Hum Toxicol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  213-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acute Disease
Adolescent
Adult
Analgesics / poisoning*
Antidepressive Agents / poisoning*
Emergency Service, Hospital / statistics & numerical data,  utilization*
Emergency Treatment
Female
Humans
Male
Medical Records
Poisoning / epidemiology,  etiology,  therapy
Retrospective Studies
Turkey / epidemiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Analgesics; 0/Antidepressive Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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