Document Detail


An epidemic of congenital rubella in Barbados.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11064778     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) are preventable, but epidemics of rubella and CRS are not infrequent in the Caribbean and other developing countries. As a result of a surveillance system initiated after an epidemic of rubella in the Barbadian population in 1996, cases of CRS were identified and investigated. A total of seven cases of CRS were proven to be rubella IgM-positive. The infants were found to have a mean birthweight of 2587 g and a mean gestational age of 38 weeks. The clinical course, complications and outcome of those infants were documented and the cost of acute hospital care for each patient was also recorded. Cataracts in four infants, congenital heart disease in three and central nervous system abnormalities in five were the major clinical abnormalities. In four infants, two or more clinical systems were affected. The combined total hospital stay was 105 days (mean 15, range 0-44). A national effort to immunize all those at risk and a strict surveillance programme are essential to prevent future epidemics. This would lead to a significant reduction in the number of cases of rubella and CRS and could effect substantial savings in the national health budget.
Authors:
M A St John; S Benjamin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of tropical paediatrics     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0272-4936     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Trop Paediatr     Publication Date:  2000 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-11-16     Completed Date:  2000-11-16     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8210625     Medline TA:  Ann Trop Paediatr     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  231-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Paediatrics, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, St Michael, Barbados, West Indies. cedwards@sunbeach.net
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Barbados / epidemiology
Disease Outbreaks*
Female
Hospitalization
Humans
Incidence
Infant, Newborn
Male
Rubella / epidemiology
Rubella Syndrome, Congenital / epidemiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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