Document Detail


The engineering options for mitigating the climate impacts of aviation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17855219     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Aviation is a growing contributor to climate change, with unique impacts due to the altitude of emissions. If existing traffic growth rates continue, radical engineering solutions will be required to prevent aviation becoming one of the dominant contributors to climate change. This paper reviews the engineering options for mitigating the climate impacts of aviation using aircraft and airspace technologies. These options include not only improvements in fuel efficiency, which would reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, but also measures to reduce non-CO2 impacts including the formation of persistent contrails. Integrated solutions to optimize environmental performance will require changes to airframes, engines, avionics, air traffic control systems and airspace design. While market-based measures, such as offset schemes and emissions trading, receive growing attention, this paper sets out the crucial role of engineering in the challenge to develop a 'green air traffic system'.
Authors:
Victoria Williams
Related Documents :
16870559 - Stable isotope composition of daily and monthly precipitation in zagreb.
999339 - Carboxyhemoglobin trend in chicago blood donors, 1970-1974.
18207299 - Elevated toxicant yields with narghile waterpipes smoked using a plastic hose.
19044169 - Computational fluid dynamics modeling of ventilation of confined-space manure storage f...
17645069 - An evaluation of polymer rotary instruments' ability to remove healthy, non-carious den...
10380199 - Effective query filtering for fast homology searching.
16039759 - Effects of physical activity on food intake.
24915399 - Using sensory properties of food to trigger swallowing: a review.
21729489 - The potential role of small fish species in improving micronutrient deficiencies in dev...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Philosophical transactions. Series A, Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences     Volume:  365     ISSN:  1364-503X     ISO Abbreviation:  Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci     Publication Date:  2007 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-10-18     Completed Date:  2008-01-03     Revised Date:  2013-04-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101133385     Medline TA:  Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3047-59     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centre for Transport Studies, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK. v.williams@imperial.ac.uk
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air Pollution / prevention & control*
Aviation / methods*,  trends*
Climate*
Engineering / trends*
Environment*
Greenhouse Effect*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Adaptive optics in microscopy.
Next Document:  Four-stranded DNA: cancer, gene regulation and drug development.