Document Detail

Is endothelin-1 luteolytic or antiluteolytic in ewes?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19723588     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) has been reported to mediate prostaglandin (PG) F(2)alpha (PGF(2)alpha)-induced luteolysis. Prostaglandins E (PGE; PGE(1)+PGE(2)) are associated with implantation, maternal recognition of pregnancy, and are antiluteolytic and luteotropic in vitro and in vivo. ET-1 increased PGE secretion by bovine luteal tissue in vitro from cows where estrus was not synchronized or when estrus was synchronized with lutalyse and did not affect luteal PGF(2)alpha or progesterone secretion, which does not support the concept that ET-1 is luteolytic or mediates PGF(2)alpha luteolysis. Therefore, the objective of this experiment was to determine whether ET-1 infused every 6h from 2400 h on day 10-1800 h on day 18 of the ovine estrous cycle either into the interstitial tissue of the ovarian vascular pedicle (IP) or intrauterine (IU) adjacent to the luteal-containing ovary was luteolytic in ewes. Treatments were: Vehicle-IP; Vehicle-IU; ET-1-IP; or ET-1-IU. Weights of corpora lutea differed (P< or = 0.05) among treatment groups. Weights of corpora lutea at 1800 h on day 18 were: VEH-IP-247+/-38 mg; VEH-IU-195+/-31 mg; ET-1-IP-626+/-74 mg; and ET-1-IU-542+/-69 mg. Luteal weights on day 18 in ET-1-IP or ET-1-IU-treated ewes did not differ (P> or =0.05), but were heavier (P< or =0.05) than in the Vehicle-IP or Vehicle-IU treatment groups which did not differ (P> or =0.05). Profiles of progesterone in jugular venous plasma of both control groups treated with Vehicle-IP or Vehicle-IU were lower (P< or =0.05) than in ewes treated with ET-1-IP or ET-1-IU, which did not differ (P> or =0.05) between ET-1-IP or ET-1-IU treatment groups. Treatment with ET-1-IP or ET-1-IU increased (P< or =0.05) the PGE:PGF(2)alpha ratio when compared to the Vehicle-IP or Vehicle-IU treatment groups, which did not differ (P> or =0.05) between each other. In summary, ET-1 prevented the decrease in luteal weights and the decline in progesterone, but increased the PGE:PGF(2)alpha ratio when compared to controls. Therefore, it is concluded that ET-1 is not luteolytic in ewes, but instead may be luteotropic or antiluteolytic by altering uterine secretion of the PGE:PGF(2)alpha ratio, since PGE(1) or PGE(2) are luteotropic in vitro and in vivo, PGE(1) or PGE(2) prevent PGF(2)alpha-induced luteolysis in vitro and in vivo, and PGE(1) and PGE(2) increase two-fold in ewe endometrium to prevent luteolysis during early pregnancy.
Y S Weems; D Johnson; T Uchima; A Raney; E Lennon; K Goto; G Bowers; J Saldana; J Pang; R D Randel; C W Weems
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2009-08-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Prostaglandins & other lipid mediators     Volume:  90     ISSN:  1098-8823     ISO Abbreviation:  Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat.     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808648     Medline TA:  Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  63-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Dept of HNFAS, University of Hawaii, 1955 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA.
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