Document Detail


An empirical analysis of two forms of extinction to treat aggression.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10542967     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We compared the effectiveness of two extinction interventions, extinction by omission and noncontingent delivery of reinforcement, to treat aggressive behavior with a 10-year-old boy. Before the intervention, a functional analysis revealed that aggression was maintained by positive reinforcement in the form of attention. The extinction by omission intervention consisted of ignoring aggressive behavior. Noncontingent reinforcement involved delivering attention to the boy on a fixed-time schedule. Both treatments were compared using a multielement research design. Noncontingent reinforcement produced a more rapid elimination of aggression. Additionally, the schedule of noncontingent reinforcement was gradually thinned during the intervention. Finally, both parents successfully implemented the noncontingent schedule of reinforcement independently for up to 5 weeks after treatment.
Authors:
M O'Reilly; G Lancioni; I Taylor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Research in developmental disabilities     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0891-4222     ISO Abbreviation:  Res Dev Disabil     Publication Date:    1999 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-11-26     Completed Date:  1999-11-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8709782     Medline TA:  Res Dev Disabil     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  315-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, National University of Ireland, Dublin, Belfield, Ireland. MarkOReilly@ucdie
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aggression / psychology*
Child
Extinction, Psychological*
Humans
Male
Mental Retardation / psychology
Reinforcement (Psychology)
Reinforcement Schedule

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