Document Detail

The emergency use of recombinant hirudin in cardiopulmonary bypass.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10915479     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The most common anticoagulant used for cardiopulmonary bypass is heparin. An alternate form of anticoagulant therapy is needed for patients who have immune-mediated heparin-associated thrombocytopenia (HIT). Thrombocytopenia causes bleeding and may lead to serious arterial and venous thrombosis. HIT or heparin-induced thrombocytopenia with thrombosis type II (HITT) are both described as adverse reactions to heparin. They are diagnosed with a platelet count less than a 100,000/mcl for 2 consecutive days. HITT, the severe form, is characterized with the thrombocytopenia in combination with thromboembolic complications, such as strokes, myocardial infarctions, and limb ischemia. Two cases are presented in which r-hirudin was used for anticoagulation for aortocoronary bypass surgery and mitral valve replacement. The activated partial prothrombin time (aPTT) was used to monitor coagulation. In the first case, the aPTT was maintained greater than 100 seconds, and at the termination of cardiopulmonary bypass, some clot was noted in the cardiopulmonary bypass circuit. In the second case, a longer cardiopulmonary bypass run was anticipated, the hirudin bolus and infusion rate were increased, and the aPTT was maintained at greater than 200 sec. Adequate coagulation resulted, and, at the end of bypass, no clot was noted. These case studies seem to suggest a higher dosage of r-hirudin may be required for the use of cardiopulmonary bypass and a need to maintain aPTT values greater than 200 sec to help monitor anticoagulation.
N Johnston; M E Jessen; M DiMaio; D S Douglass
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of extra-corporeal technology     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0022-1058     ISO Abbreviation:  J Extra Corpor Technol     Publication Date:  1999 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-06-09     Completed Date:  2000-06-09     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0267637     Medline TA:  J Extra Corpor Technol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  211-5     Citation Subset:  T    
Division of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas 75235-88679, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anticoagulants / therapeutic use*
Cardiopulmonary Bypass* / adverse effects
Drug Administration Schedule
Hirudin Therapy*
Middle Aged
Recombinant Proteins / therapeutic use*
Thrombocytopenia / blood,  prevention & control*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anticoagulants; 0/Recombinant Proteins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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