Document Detail

The emergence of psychiatry at McGill.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6391647     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Psychiatric services in Canada lagged behind other medical disciplines until World War II emphasized the need for psychiatrists in the Armed Forces. This led to steps being taken to fulfil this need. At McGill, a new Department of Psychiatry, centered at the Allan Memorial, was established in 1943, due to the vision of Dean Jonathan Meakins and the influence of Dr. Wilder Penfield. P. Ewen Cameron was chosen as the first Director and set up services in affiliation with the Royal Victoria Hospital and McGill. His energy and organizational abilities led to the creation of an Institution which had a pathfinder function for post war services in clinical psychiatry, embracing also biological and social research. He soon recruited such able European scholars as Miguel Prados and Karl Stern and shortly thereafter the eminent psychologist R.B. Malmo and as physician endocrinologist, myself. Forward looking programs such as the day hospital, an open door policy, teaching programs and units for research in geriatric psychology and biochemistry were set up. By the 50's, psychiatry units were also established in other general hospitals and a close affiliation with the Verdun Protestant Hospital was fostered. Therefore H.E. Lehmann pushed clinical psychiatry into a new phase, as he led the field in psychopharmacology. Senior staff expanded with the acquisition of Eric Wittkower and V.A. Kral and the psychoanalysts, J. and F. Aufreiter, Macleod and W.C.M. Scott. The success of the training system was such that able graduates moved to positions of responsibility in the rest of Canada.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
R A Cleghorn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0706-7437     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Psychiatry     Publication Date:  1984 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-02-14     Completed Date:  1985-02-14     Revised Date:  2007-08-01    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7904187     Medline TA:  Can J Psychiatry     Country:  CANADA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  551-6     Citation Subset:  IM; Q    
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MeSH Terms
History, 20th Century
Mental Health Services / history
Organizational Affiliation
Psychiatry / history*
Universities / history*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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