Document Detail


The efficacy of early anticoagulant therapy for venous thromboembolism in polytrauma patients in the acute phase.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23238904     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objective: To determine whether antithrombotic therapy with warfarin is effective and safe in patients who developed venous thromboembolism in the acute stage of polytrauma, which is associated with bleeding risk. method: a retrospective study of 11 patients (8 males, 3 females; mean age, 39.8 years; injury severity score, 30.1; no fatalities) with deep venous thromboembolism and/or pulmonary embolism who were medicated with heparin and warfarin during their iCU stay. Results: Thrombosis was diagnosed at an average of 11.8 days after admission. Thrombus formation was confirmed in pulmonary arteries in 5 cases and in deep veins in 9 cases. Diagnosis was based on Doppler ultrasound findings in 6 cases and on computed tomography findings in 5 cases. anticoagulant therapy was used in 10 cases, but not in 1 case with cerebral contusion. approximately 33 days after starting anticoagulant therapy, thrombi had disappeared or were reduced in size in 9 of 10 patients with no complications observed. Conclusions: Heparin and warfarin therapy cleared deep vein and pulmonary artery thrombosis after polytrauma without any bleeding complications. Further studies are necessary to determine the safe anticoagulant dosage and duration for rapid thrombus removal.
Authors:
Yoshihide Nakagawa; Sadaki Inokuchi; Tomoatsu Tsuji; Takeshi Yamagiwa; Shinichi Iizuka; Seiji Morita; Hiroyuki Ootsuka; Kazuki Akieda
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-12-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Tokai journal of experimental and clinical medicine     Volume:  37     ISSN:  2185-2243     ISO Abbreviation:  Tokai J. Exp. Clin. Med.     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7704186     Medline TA:  Tokai J Exp Clin Med     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  121-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Tokai University School of Medicine, Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, 143 Shimokasuya, Isehara, Kanagawa 259-1193, Japan. yoshihide@is.icc.u-tokai.ac.jp.
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