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The efficacy of antiepileptic drug prophylaxis in the prevention of early and late seizures following repair of intracranial aneurysms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21724398     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The efficacy of antiepileptic drug (AED) prophylaxis in patients undergoing aneurysm repair has been questioned, yet these drugs are routinely used in many institutions. To better define the relationship of AED prophylaxis to postoperative seizures, we undertook a review of 259 patients undergoing treatment for intracranial aneurysms. Incidence of late seizures was assessed by telephone interview in 132 patients (mean follow-up, 58.7months). There were seven early seizures, all in patients who received AED prophylaxis (higher versus [vs.] no prophylaxis, p=0.019). There were 12 late seizures (nine with prophylaxis vs. three without prophylaxis, p=0.53). The timing of AED prophylaxis had no effect on the incidence of early or late seizures in either group. AED use was associated with an increased rate of early seizures. Postoperative seizures remain important adverse outcomes following aneurysm repair, but despite their traditional role, the routine use of AED should be reconsidered carefully.
Authors:
Daniel M S Raper; Nima Kokabi; Martin McGee-Collett
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2653     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9433352     Medline TA:  J Clin Neurosci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Crown Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Royal North Shore Hospital, Reserve Road, St. Leonards, New South Wales 2065, Australia.
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