Document Detail


The effects of weight loss and apolipoprotein E polymorphism on serum lipids, apolipoproteins A-I and B, and lipoprotein(a).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8118476     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Serum levels of lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)], an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease, are strongly influenced by genetic factors. To evaluate the effect of weight loss on serum Lp(a), 54 normolipidemic obese women were examined before and after a two-month weight reduction programme. A mean weight loss of 10.1 kg was associated with decreases of serum triglycerides, total cholesterol (TC), LDL-C, HDL-C, apo B and apo A-I (P = 0.0001 for all variables), but not Lp(a). However, initial Lp(a) values were related to Lp(a) responses during dietary intervention (P = 0.0001). In subjects with pre-treatment Lp(a) values above 30 mg/dl, a mean 26.3% decrease was observed with weight loss, while no change was found in subjects with low Lp(a) values at baseline (P = 0.007 for group comparison). Apo E polymorphism contributes to the variation in lipid levels in the general population and in the obese. The relative contributions of the apo E locus to the total variance of TC, LDL-C and Lp(a) at baseline in these obese women were estimated to be 3.3, 1.7 and 3.2%, respectively, which are less than previously reported in healthy adults. Pre-treatment TC was increased in subjects with the apo E 3/4 phenotype compared to those with the common apo E 3/3 phenotype (P = 0.03). Apo E polymorphism did not affect Lp(a) levels at baseline nor the changes in lipoprotein variables, including Lp(a), during weight loss. In conclusion, short-term substantial weight loss in normolipidemic obese women resulted in a lowering of Lp(a) only in individuals with pre-treatment Lp(a) levels above 30 mg/dl.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
E Muls; K Kempen; G Vansant; C Cobbaert; W Saris
Related Documents :
8431496 - Total parenteral nutrition and plasma lipoproteins in the rat: evidence for accelerated...
2305026 - Changes in plasma lipids and dietary intake accompanying shifts in perceived workload a...
4068906 - Effect of dietary restriction on the plasma apolipoprotein pattern in cholesterol-fed r...
2123036 - The differences of serum cholesterol and lipoproteins in animals susceptible and nonsus...
7628366 - Parallel insulin-like growth factor i and insulin resistance in muscles of rats fed a h...
24665106 - Does diverse grazing behavior of suckler cows have an impact on predicted methane emiss...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity     Volume:  17     ISSN:  -     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord.     Publication Date:  1993 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-04-06     Completed Date:  1994-04-06     Revised Date:  2014-06-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9313169     Medline TA:  Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  711-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Apolipoprotein A-I / metabolism
Apolipoproteins B / metabolism
Apolipoproteins E / genetics*
Female
Humans
Lipids / blood
Lipoprotein(a) / blood
Lipoproteins / blood*
Middle Aged
Obesity / genetics,  metabolism*
Polymorphism, Genetic
Weight Loss / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Apolipoprotein A-I; 0/Apolipoproteins B; 0/Apolipoproteins E; 0/Lipids; 0/Lipoprotein(a); 0/Lipoproteins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Energy cost of arousal: effect of sex, race and obesity.
Next Document:  Influence of adiposity on the thermic effect of food and exercise in lean and obese adolescents.