Document Detail


The effects of vestibular stimulation rate and magnitude of acceleration on central pattern generation for chest wall kinematics in preterm infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22157627     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of vestibular inputs on respiratory and oromotor systems in healthy preterm infants.
STUDY DESIGN: A total of 27 preterm infants were quasi-randomly assigned to either the VestibuGlide treatment or control groups. VestibuGlide infants were held in a developmentally supportive position, given a pacifier and received a series of vestibular stimuli, counterbalanced across rate and acceleration conditions, 15 min 3 times per day for 10 days. The control infants were also held in a developmentally supportive position, given a pacifier for 15 min 3 times per day for 10 days but did not receive the VestibuGlide stimulation.
RESULT: A multi-level regression model revealed that treatment infants increased their respiratory rate in response to vestibular stimulus, and that the highest level of vestibular acceleration delivered to the infants (0.51 ms(-2)) resulted in a significant increase in breaths per minute.
CONCLUSION: Vestibular stimulation delivered to preterm infants before scheduled feeds effectively modulates respiratory rate and resets the respiratory central pattern generator.
Authors:
E Zimmerman; S M Barlow
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2011-12-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1476-5543     ISO Abbreviation:  J Perinatol     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-30     Completed Date:  2013-05-29     Revised Date:  2013-07-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8501884     Medline TA:  J Perinatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  614-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Speech-Language-Hearing: Sciences and Disorders, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA. emily_zimmerman@hms.harvard.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acceleration
Analysis of Variance
Biomechanics
Central Pattern Generators / physiology*
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / physiology*
Male
Respiratory Physiological Processes
Thoracic Wall / physiology*
Vestibule, Labyrinth / physiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P30 DC005803/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; P30 DC005803/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; P30 HD002528/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; P30 HD02528/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 DC003311/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; R01 DC003311-08/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS
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