Document Detail

The effects of treatment and of withdrawal of treatment with guanfacine and clonidine on blood pressure and heart rate in normotensive and renal hypertensive rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  36458     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Disagreement in the literature about the occurrence of rebound hypertension (hypertensive overshoot) in animal models initiated this investigation. Oral doses of clonidine (0.03 mg kg-1) or guanfacine (0.3 mg kg-1) were administered twice daily during three weeks to groups of normotensive and renal hypertensive rats. Blood pressure and heart rate were measured immediately before and 3 h after the first daily dose, and compared with values obtained from placebo-treated control rats. Treatment with either drug induced large daily fluctuations rather than sustained falls in blood pressure. In the normotensive, but not in the hypertensive groups, the morning blood pressures measured before the first daily dose were significantly elevated over those of the control groups after 9 and 5 days of treatment with clonidine or guanfacine. This elevation persisted for 3 days after drug withdrawal. It is concluded that in the rat the duration of action of both drugs was short, so that twice daily administration of both drugs similarly produced large daily fluctuations rather than sustained falls in blood pressure. Blood pressure rises developed during treatment rather than after withdrawal in normotensive rats only. Therefore, this type of study does not relate well to the human situation and different experimental approaches to this problem are needed.
R Salzmann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0022-3573     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pharm. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  1979 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1979-09-01     Completed Date:  1979-09-01     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376363     Medline TA:  J Pharm Pharmacol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  212-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Antihypertensive Agents / pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Blood Pressure / drug effects*
Clonidine / pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Guanidines / pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Heart Rate / drug effects*
Hypertension, Renal / drug therapy,  physiopathology*
Phenylacetates / pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Substance Withdrawal Syndrome / physiopathology*
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antihypertensive Agents; 0/Guanidines; 0/Phenylacetates; 4205-90-7/Clonidine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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