Document Detail


The effects of topical saline and isoproterenol on nasal airway resistance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  977863     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Following determination of baseline nasal airway resistance (NAR) in human subjects, phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) was aerosolized into each nostril and NAR measurements repeated 8 times in 15 minutes. The mean maximal NAR increase in 102 subjects was 22.5% (SD +/- 24.5%) with no significant difference between atopic and nonatopic persons. Hay fever patients did not show significantly increased responsiveness to PBS while symptomatic. During 242 repeat challenges with PBS in 67 asymptomatic subjects, NAR increased over 50% in 24 tests. Following a series of 6 PBS challenges at 15-minute intervals, 10 of 71 subjects had more than a 100% increase in NAR over initial baseline values. Administration of PBS on cotton pledgets, pipetting PBS into the nose, or even just inserting a nasal speculum produced greater increases in NAR than the usual aerosol method. Intranasal atropine effectively blocked PBS-induced increases in NAR, suggesting parasympathetic stimulation as a mechanism. Isoproterenol increased NAR over 100% in 27 of 53 subjects, with no significant difference among rhinitic, asthmatic, and nonatopic individuals. This effect was inhibited by propranolol. Isoproterenol administration to 12 ragweed-sensitive subjects 15 minutes prior to ragweed challenge produced a variable inhibition in NAR responses or no protection at all. Thus the direct effects of isoproterenol on the nasal vasculature tend to outweigh those expected from inhibition of mediator release under the conditions of this study.
Authors:
J A McLean; K P Mathews; A A Ciarkowski; P R Brayton; W R Solomon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0091-6749     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Allergy Clin. Immunol.     Publication Date:  1976 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1977-01-03     Completed Date:  1977-01-03     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1275002     Medline TA:  J Allergy Clin Immunol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  563-74     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Administration, Intranasal
Aerosols
Airway Resistance / drug effects*
Buffers
Dose-Response Relationship, Immunologic
Humans
Hypersensitivity, Immediate / diagnosis
Isoproterenol / pharmacology*
Sodium Chloride / pharmacology*
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Aerosols; 0/Buffers; 7647-14-5/Sodium Chloride; 7683-59-2/Isoproterenol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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