Document Detail

The effects of stigma age on receptivity in Silene alba (Caryophyllaceae).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21665724     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Silene alba, a perennial, dioecious plant, produces flowers that open in the evening and can remain open and receptive to pollination for up to 5 d, though in hot and dry conditions the flowers will wilt during the day only to reopen night after night. In the field, it is visited by two different kinds of pollinators with differential success: moths visit the flowers at night, and their movements result in broad pollen dispersal and large seed production, whereas bees, wasps, and flies visit the flowers in the mornings and have decreased pollination effectiveness. However, this differential success may be due to a decrease in stigmatic receptivity soon after the flowers open. We performed controlled pollinations to determine the effect of stigma age on pollen germination and seed set. We pollinated flowers at 12-h intervals up to 120 h and divided these into two sets: from one set, we removed stigmas 24 h after pollination to examine percentage of pollen germination. The second set of flowers was allowed to produce fruits, and the seeds were counted and weighed. Pollen germination declined significantly with stigma age, but there was no significant effect of stigma age at pollination on the number or mass of resulting seeds. Thus, the decreased pollination success of bees is not due to a decrease in stigmatic receptivity but is most likely a result of pollinator inefficiency.
Helen J Young; Lauren Gravitz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of botany     Volume:  89     ISSN:  0002-9122     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Bot.     Publication Date:  2002 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370467     Medline TA:  Am J Bot     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1237-41     Citation Subset:  -    
Middlebury College, Biology Department, Middlebury, Vermont 05753 USA;
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