Document Detail


The effects of stereotypes and observer pressure on athletic performance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22356881     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although the effects of negative stereotypes and observer pressure on athletic performance have been well researched, the effects of positive stereotypes on performance, particularly in the presence of observers, is not known. In the current study, White males watched a video either depicting Whites basketball players as the best free throwers in the NBA (positive stereotype), Black basketball players as the best free throwers in the NBA (negative stereotype), or a neutral sports video (control). Participants then shot a set of free throws, during which half the participants were also videotaped (observer condition), whereas the other half were not (no observer condition). Results demonstrated that positive stereotypes improved free throw performance, but only in the no observer condition. Interestingly, observer pressure interacted with the positive stereotype to lead to performance decrements. In the negative stereotype condition, performance decrements were observed both in the observer and no observer conditions.
Authors:
Anne Krendl; Izzy Gainsburg; Nalini Ambady
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of sport & exercise psychology     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1543-2904     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sport Exerc Psychol     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8809258     Medline TA:  J Sport Exerc Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3-15     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Tufts University, Medford, MA.
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