Document Detail

The effects of stability ball training on spinal stability in sedentary individuals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16686575     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Stability ball training (SBT) is believed to improve spinal stability (SS) and could reduce the risk of back pain in sedentary individuals. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of SBT on SS. Twenty sedentary individuals were randomly assigned to either an experimental group that performed SBT twice per week for 10 weeks or to a control group. Differences between groups were assessed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) with repeated measures. The experimental group improved significantly (p < 0.05) on the static back-endurance test from pretest (149.3 +/- 72.3 seconds) to posttest (194.6 +/- 56.7 seconds) and the side bridge test from pretest (45.4 +/- 39.4 seconds) to posttest (71.3 +/- 59.7 seconds). Back endurance for the control group did not change from pretest (123.4 +/- 64.9 seconds) to posttest (87.5 +/- 40.2 seconds), nor did the results of the side bridge test change for this group from pretest (41.8 +/- 26.4 seconds) to posttest (51.6 +/- 35.9 seconds). These findings illustrate that SBT may provide improvements in SS within this population. Practitioners might use SBT exercises where the position of the spine is maintained during the early phases of back-pain prevention programs. This type of programming might be beneficial to individuals who spend a good deal of time sitting (i.e., in corporate fitness programs) or for individuals who are prone to back pain and have been cleared to exercise. Also, the side bridge and static back endurance assessments may be good choices for measuring SS in field settings.
Jacqueline M Carter; William C Beam; Shari G McMahan; Michelle L Barr; Lee E Brown
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1064-8011     ISO Abbreviation:  J Strength Cond Res     Publication Date:  2006 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-11     Completed Date:  2006-11-09     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  429-35     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
California State University, Fullerton, Division of Kinesiology and Health Science, Fullerton, California 92834, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Back Pain / physiopathology,  prevention & control
Exercise Therapy / methods*
Health Behavior
Movement / physiology
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology
Physical Endurance / physiology
Spine / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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