Document Detail


The effects of spatiotemporal integration on maximum displacement thresholds for the detection of coherent motion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7571465     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In a series of nine experiments, observers were required to identify the shapes of moving targets, and to discriminate regions of motion from regions of uncorrelated noise. Maximum displacement thresholds (Dmax) for performing these tasks were obtained under a wide variety of conditions. The stimulus parameters manipulated included the number of distinct frames in the motion sequences, the stimulus onset asynchrony between each frame, the size of the moving dots, and the shape, area and eccentricity of the target regions. For two-frame displays presented in alternation, the area of the target region was the only one of these variables to have any significant effect on Dmax. For longer length sequences, in contrast, Dmax varied dramatically among the different conditions over a range of 10 min arc to 10 deg. In an effort to isolate the specific processes of spatiotemporal integration, we also examined how performance is affected by having overlapping transparent motions in opposite directions, or by the presence of dynamic noise or limited dot lifetimes within the moving target regions. The overall pattern of results suggest that Dmax is primarily determined by the ability of the visual system to isolate motion signals from the noise produced by spurious false target correlations. As a general rule, Dmax will increase as a result of any stimulus manipulation that increases the number of local signal correlations detected relative to those arising from noise, and vice versa.
Authors:
J T Todd; J F Norman
Related Documents :
16034565 - Cognitive control can modulate intersensory facilitation: speeding up visual antisaccad...
2202325 - The concept of critical levels of toxic heavy metals in target tissues.
2336805 - Detecting target shifts under uniform field flicker.
7724215 - Relationship between visual acuity and observation distance.
16823025 - Fast amplification of dynamic synaptic inputs in spinal motoneurons in vivo.
21707635 - Feasibility of light-emitting diode uses for annular reactor inner-coated with tio(2) o...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Vision research     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0042-6989     ISO Abbreviation:  Vision Res.     Publication Date:  1995 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-11-09     Completed Date:  1995-11-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417402     Medline TA:  Vision Res     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2287-302     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Discrimination (Psychology) / physiology
Fixation, Ocular / physiology
Humans
Male
Motion Perception / physiology*
Pattern Recognition, Visual / physiology*
Psychophysics
Sensory Thresholds / physiology
Time Factors
Visual Fields

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Effects of luminance contrast and phase difference on motion assimilation for sinusoidal gratings.
Next Document:  Effects of a static textured background on motion integration.